Author Archives: Phil Paine

Image of the Month — Art of Hannes Bok

Hannes Bok (1914–1964) was an Amer­i­can artist who pub­lished illus­tra­tions and cov­ers for fan­ta­sy and sci­ence fic­tion books and mag­a­zines. He also wrote two fan­ta­sy nov­els.

FILMSAPRIL 2020

(Lam­ont 1953) Abbott and Costel­lo Go to Mars
(Nas­sour 1956) The Beast of Hol­low Moun­tain [Mys­tery Sci­ence The­atre ver­sion]
(Flo­rey 1932) The Mur­ders in the Rue Morgue
(Oliv­era 1985) Wiz­ards of the Lost King­dom [Mys­tery Sci­ence The­atre ver­sion]
(Clair 1945) And Then There Were None
(Mar­cel 1980) Hawk the Slay­er
(Trelfer 2020) Dark Cor­ners Review: (404) Hawk the Slay­er
(Dante 1993) Mati­nee
(Dante 1993) Mant
(Kor­da 1942) The Jun­gle Book
Read more »

First-time listening for April 2020

25951. (Susan Aglukark) This Child
25952. (Daniel François Auber) Ron­do for Cel­lo and Orches­tra
25953. (T.A.T.U.) 200 KH/H in the Wrong Lane
25954. (Diana Krall) Love Scenes
25955. (Takashi Yoshi­mat­su) Pre­lude to the Cel­e­bra­tion of Birds for Orches­tra
25956. (Royz) You Asked For It…
25957. (Lau­ra Rick­er) Heavy
25958. (Otmar Mácha) Dou­ble Con­cer­to for Vio­lin, Piano & Orches­tra
Read more »

READINGAPRIL 2020

24281. (William Shake­speare) Son­net #1 “From fairest crea­tures we desire increase”
24282. (Kather­ine Stew­art) The Pow­er Wor­ship­pers
24283. (Marc Lip­sitch; David L. Swerd­low & Lyn Finel­li) Defin­ing the Epi­demi­ol­o­gy of
. . . . . Covid-19 [arti­cle]
24284. (Jor­rit M. Kelder) A Thou­sand Black Ships: Mar­itime Trade, Diplo­mat­ic Rela­tions, and
. . . . . the Rise of Myce­nae [arti­cle]
24285. (Peter Hagoort) The Neu­ro­bi­ol­o­gy of Lan­guage Beyond Sin­gle-Word Pro­cess­ing
. . . . . [arti­cle]
24286. (Eran Ben­david, et al) COVID-19 Anti­body Sero­preva­lence in San­ta Clara Coun­ty,
. . . . . Cal­i­for­nia [arti­cle]
24287. (Giles Blunt) Forty Words for Sor­row
24288. (Daniel F. Gud­b­jarts­son, et al) Spread of SARS-CoV-2 in the Ice­landic Pop­u­la­tion
. . . . . [arti­cle]
24289. (Nicholas Cress­well) The Jour­nal of Nicholas Cress­well, 1774–1777
24290. (David Brunck­horst) Explor­ing New Approach­es to Com­mu­ni­ty Gov­er­nance [arti­cle]
24291. (Bernadette Mon­ta­nari) Apply­ing Com­mu­ni­ty Gov­er­nance for Local Ben­e­fit: The Case of
. . . . . the High Atlas Moun­tains, Moroc­co [arti­cle]
24292. (Safiya Richard­son, et al) Pre­sent­ing Char­ac­ter­is­tics, Comor­bidi­ties, and Out­comes
. . . . . Among 5700 Patients Hos­pi­tal­ized with COVID-19 in the New York City Area [arti­cle]
24293. (Lars Pilø; Espen Fin­stad & James H. Bar­rett) Cross­ing the Ice: An Iron Age to Medieval
. . . . . Moun­tain Pass at Lend­breen, Nor­way [arti­cle]
24294. (Jorge Morin de Pab­los, et al) Les ves­tiges du roy­aume wisig­oth de Tolède [arti­cle]
24293. (Fletch­er Pratt) The Well of the Uni­corn
24294. (Fabi­en Balezeau, et al) Pri­mate Audi­to­ry Pro­to­type in the Evo­lu­tion of the Arcu­ate
. . . . . Fas­ci­cu­lus [arti­cle]

Wednesday, April 29, 2020 — Fletcher Pratt’s The Well of the Unicorn

Affi­ciona­dos of fan­ta­sy fic­tion are usu­al­ly famil­iar with the col­lab­o­ra­tive works of L. Sprague de Camp and Fletch­er Pratt col­lec­tive­ly known as the “Harold Shea sto­ries,” writ­ten in the 1940s. Both these men were hard-nosed ratio­nal­ists who enjoyed writ­ing fan­ta­sy, with de Camp par­tic­u­lar­ly keen on build­ing worlds out of the log­i­cal impli­ca­tions of mag­i­cal premis­es, and equal­ly keen on the humour that ensues from such log­ic. De Camp lived until 2000, dying at the age of 92, writ­ing dur­ing most of that time. He pub­lished a sci­ence book on pri­ma­tol­ogy in 1995 and an auto­bi­og­ra­phy in 1996. He remained well known and well loved in the Sci­ence Fic­tion / Fan­ta­sy com­mu­ni­ty for all that time. Pratt, how­ev­er, was born in 1897 and died in 1956, short­ly after the pub­li­ca­tion of these famous col­lab­o­ra­tions. With­out de Camp, he wrote four sci­ence fic­tion and two fan­ta­sy nov­els, as well as six­teen books on naval his­to­ry and many oth­ers on a broad range of sub­ject. He was also a pio­neer “gamer,” cre­at­ing a com­plex math­e­mat­ics-based strate­gic naval war game in 1933 that is con­sid­ered one of the best ever con­ceived. After the pub­li­ca­tion of the revised ver­sion of the game in 1940, he wrote that “wives and girl­friends of male par­tic­i­pants dropped their roles of observers and soon became fear­some tac­ti­cians.” He was, like de Camp, a man of broad inter­ests. He wrote mys­ter­ies, Civ­il War his­to­ries, culi­nary his­to­ries and cook­books, and a con­sid­er­able amount of well-regard­ed poet­ry. While look­ing for a pho­to to illus­trate this post, I found one of him at his New Jer­sey home gam­bol­ing on its lawn with the poet John Cia­r­di and rock­et sci­en­tist Willy Ley.

Fletch­er Pratt

Of the two fan­ta­sy nov­els, I’ve just read The Well of the Uni­corn, first pub­lished in 1948. Three things are strik­ing about the book.

One is the style, which com­bines the clean and crisp sen­tence struc­ture and imagery you would have found in the era’s Sat­ur­day Night or New York­er with some of the pur­ple con­ven­tions of pulp fan­ta­sy nov­el­ists, and a dash of Lord Dun­sany. He delight­ed in insert­ing antique and ana­gog­ic words into this slick matrix, but unlike most of the pulp writ­ers, he actu­al­ly knew what they meant.

Anoth­er thing that struck me is the social, psy­cho­log­i­cal, and polit­i­cal real­ism. The soci­ety depict­ed is actu­al­ly plau­si­ble, resem­bling very close­ly what you would find read­ing the Twelfth Cen­tu­ry Ges­ta Dano­rum of Saxo Gram­mati­cus. The inter­play of local kings and feuda­to­ries with pirate raiders and inde­pen­dent jarls on the fringes of a world pre­vi­ous­ly dom­i­nat­ed by an urban empire is pret­ty much what you would have found in ear­ly medieval Jut­land. Unlike most fan­ta­sy nov­els, Pratt’s imag­i­nary world is one where peo­ple have to eat and make a liv­ing, and peo­ple get hurt when they fight. The pol­i­tics is real­is­tic. Much of the text is con­cerned with the hero Airar strug­gling with com­pet­ing ide­olo­gies, forced into unpleas­ant com­pro­mis­es, and find­ing no social arrange­ment that doesn’t cre­ate some injus­tice. By the end of the book, he comes across some­thing like Duke Louis II de Bour­bon.*

There is, of course, mag­ic in Pratt’s world, but there is an under­ly­ing mes­sage: mag­ic sucks. It doesn’t work very well, doesn’t pro­duce the desired results, and at its best is rather lame. This is what allows the book to main­tain its real­is­tic feel­ing, and also cures the most irri­tat­ing prob­lem of fan­ta­sy fic­tion. Since at any sec­ond some­one might pull out a spell or sum­mon some pow­er that makes what­ev­er hap­pen that the writer wants to hap­pen, the mag­i­cal ele­ment of fan­ta­sy fic­tion essen­tial­ly inflates the cur­ren­cy. The read­er just trudges through the set-pieces and bat­tles, wait­ing for the mag­ic ring or the cos­mic woo-be-doo to do its stuff. Pratt could see this per­il, and instead used mag­ic more as a source of irri­ta­tion and irony than a dri­ving force in the nar­ra­tive. The only oth­er fan­ta­sy writer that I know of tak­ing this approach is R. A. MacAvoy.

This is an enjoy­able old fan­ta­sy, if you know the con­ven­tions of pre-WWII pulp fic­tion estab­lished by Robert E. Howard, and even more if you’ve read a bit of Dun­sany or A. Mer­ritt. A mod­ern read­er might not quite “get it” or see its charm.

—–
* whose life sto­ry has recent­ly been trans­lat­ed by my friend Steven Muhlburg­er (pri­mar­i­ly) and myself (assist­ing). [Chron­i­cle of the Good Duke by Jean Cabaret d’Orville (fl. 1429), trans­lat­ed by Steven Muhlberg­er and Phil Paine]

Thursday, April 16, 2020 — Report from Space Station 38

When Olive Fredrick­son pub­lished her auto­bi­og­ra­phy in 1972, after a long and hard life in Canada’s wilder­ness, her cho­sen title, The Silence of the North, was instant­ly mean­ing­ful to any­one famil­iar with the hard and emp­ty coun­try north of the tem­per­ate decid­u­ous forests. Most of the forests of the world are noisy. At night, the relent­less sound of cicadas, the scam­per­ing of ani­mals, the sway­ing limbs of trees and rus­tles of leaves, and the sounds of human­i­ty, even if only in the form of dis­tant trains or high­ways, are evi­dent. But the vast bore­al regions of Cana­da, road­less, train­less and town­less, dom­i­nat­ed by motion­less black spruce and tama­rack, are silent at night. You have to be near a water­fall or a stretch of rapids to hear noise. The cold lakes are like black sheets of obsid­i­an. Iron­i­cal­ly, if there is a noise, it will car­ry across a lake for miles, so that you can make out a qui­et con­ver­sa­tion by a camp­fire from the oppo­site shore, and when a loon makes its occa­sion­al solemn cry, you don’t know if it’s near­by or three kliks away. I have vivid mem­o­ries of that silence, and the phrase nev­er had to be explained to me.

I live in a small apart­ment in down­town Toron­to. In fact, it is known to sta­tis­ti­cians as the most dense­ly pop­u­lat­ed place in Cana­da. With­in a short walk from my door, there are more peo­ple than in all of the Yukon, North­west and Nunavut ter­ri­to­ries com­bined. Nor­mal­ly, this is a very noisy neigh­bour­hood. The streets are usu­al­ly crowd­ed with traf­fic, peo­ple pour in and out of the sub­way sta­tions, the stores are full of shop­pers. There is always music. A few blocks from my home, the gay vil­lage has been a con­tin­u­ous­ly live­ly par­ty for the last half cen­tu­ry, and it’s nor­mal to see flocks of peo­ple on the streets at 3:30 or 4:00 in the morn­ing. Forests of con­do­mini­um tow­ers fill the air with domes­tic nois­es, and con­struc­tion crews are always ham­mer­ing, hoist­ing, and mix­ing con­crete to build new ones. Motor­cy­cles, heli­copters, cop cars, fire engines and ambu­lances add to the din.

Now, under lock­down, my neigh­bour­hood has the Silence of the North. For most of the day, you hard­ly hear a sound. For me, it’s a bit of nos­tal­gia. For the hard­core denizens, those “bred and but­tered in Toron­to” as the say­ing goes, it must be very dis­con­cert­ing. It’s “damned eerie,” one elder­ly gen­tle­man told me. But, every day, at 7:30 on the dot, a rau­cous din erupts, and lasts for about five min­utes. You hear the nation­al anthem loud­ly play­ing. Peo­ple are out on their bal­conies blow­ing whis­tles, bang­ing pots, and singing. The cus­tom, which began in Italy and spread around the world, is a need­ed emo­tion­al out­let as well as a trib­ute to the doc­tors, first respon­ders, care-givers and store clerks who must risk infec­tion so that life can go on.

For myself, I’m as sat­is­fied as a well-fed cat sleep­ing near a fire­place. Well-stocked with sup­plies, blessed with good neigh­bours who are self-dis­ci­plined and mutu­al­ly help­ful, and sur­round­ed by a vast col­lec­tion of books, films and music, I am in no posi­tion to com­plain about any­thing. While the pub­lic author­i­ties made some errors in the begin­ning, on the whole they are act­ing respon­si­bly ― even the ones I vot­ed against. None of them are wast­ing time with self-pro­mot­ing pro­pa­gan­da videos and all of them are pub­licly com­mit­ted to fol­low­ing the sci­ence to deter­mine pol­i­cy. Alber­ta, which began plan­ning for the pan­dem­ic last Decem­ber, and is con­se­quent­ly less seri­ous­ly affect­ed, is shar­ing its sur­plus med­ical sup­plies with the oth­er provinces, and Air Cana­da has vol­un­teered three large jets to move them. Pol­i­tics in Cana­da is not as a rule much con­cerned with race or reli­gion, as it is in our neigh­bour to the south, but it has always been char­ac­ter­ized by extreme rival­ries and con­stant bick­er­ing between the provinces, each of which sees itself more or less as a mini-nation. But in this cri­sis, all such rival­ries seem to have dis­ap­peared. I’ve nev­er seen the provinces get on so well, or co-oper­ate so effi­cient­ly. The one sour note is that the cri­sis has revealed the shock­ing lev­el of ill-pre­pared­ness and incom­pe­tence in pri­vate­ly-run homes for the aged, where half of our deaths have occurred. In one case, crim­i­nal charges are being con­sid­ered. On the brighter side, a com­pa­ny in Ottawa has devel­oped an effi­cient portable test­ing kit, giv­ing results in less than half an hour, that meets the government’s stan­dards, and mass pro­duc­tion of this kit is already under­way. Mass test­ing, when com­bined with social dis­tanc­ing and con­tact trac­ing, is the solid­ly proven way out of this mess. Let’s hope that the kit is real­ly as good as it seems, and that it is prop­er­ly deployed. I fol­low all the avail­able covid sta­tis­tics dai­ly. New Zealand and Ice­land, both of which are places whose sta­tis­tics are unques­tion­able, demon­strate that the virus can be beat­en if the cit­i­zen­ry, med­ical pro­fes­sion, and elect­ed offi­cials co-oper­ate and are pro-active. Cana­da is, of course, a much larg­er and more com­plex coun­try than those two, with some inbuilt dis­ad­van­tages that nei­ther the Kiwis nor the Jáarar have, but the evi­dence so far is that the meth­ods should be basi­cal­ly the same. We will not come out as squeaky-clean ― the scan­dalous fail­ure in our care for the elder­ly will be a stain on our record ― but we may at least get a “good effort” report card. As I write, test­ing lev­els have been con­sis­tent­ly bet­ter than aver­age, with imme­di­ate prospects of dras­tic improve­ment, no region­al med­ical sys­tem has been over­whelmed, though some are work­ing at a fren­zied pace, pro­cure­ment of essen­tial sup­plies seems to be assured, pub­lic response has been as good as any­one could rea­son­ably expect, social sol­i­dar­i­ty and pub­lic morale have remained high, the co-oper­a­tion between pri­vate indus­try and gov­ern­ment has been exem­plary, and there are no food short­ages or sig­nif­i­cant fail­ures in the sup­ply chain. I went to a super­mar­ket to stock up on fresh veg­eta­bles on Tues­day morn­ing, after more than a week spent entire­ly at home. I arrived just at store open­ing, and there was as yet no line-up to get in, though it had start­ed to form when I left, with all the pro­to­cols adhered to. I scanned the shelves, and every­thing appeared to be well-stocked, and even toi­let paper, cleansers, eggs, and canned goods were plen­ti­ful. The selec­tion of pro­duce was excel­lent. There was no evi­dence of price-goug­ing, but some items had lim­its-per-cus­tomer, and there were none of the usu­al “loss-leader” sale prices. If this nor­mal­cy can be sus­tained, I know not, but in any case my per­son­al stock­pile is suf­fi­cient for months, and I am only shop­ping for fresh items.

I’m able to keep my finances on an even keel, since my income is not depen­dent on leav­ing the apart­ment, and I have a small cush­ion in the bank to deal with any tem­po­rary short­fall. I’ve nev­er eat­en so well! Since the best way to relieve the inevitable cramps from sit­ting at the com­put­er is to get up and pre­pare a meal, and I no longer have the temp­ta­tion to run out and get three slices of piz­za or indulge in oth­er unhealthy whims, I am steadi­ly improv­ing my cook­ing skills. My neigh­bours tell me they are also doing this (except for the one who is a pro­fes­sion­al chef). I have fresh herbs grow­ing on the win­dowsill. I’m going to be using a lot of basil. If you plant basil it will just leap out of the soil and over­whelm every­thing, like the Blob in the 1958 Steve McQueen movie, while every oth­er herb has a tough Dar­win­ian strug­gle. My only regret is that I didn’t stock enough car­away seed, so my goulash and my borscht will no longer have the taste I pre­fer. But with all that basil, my Ital­ian dish­es will shine.

At the moment, I’m lis­ten­ing to Otmar Mácha’s Dou­ble Con­cer­to for Vio­lin, Piano and Orches­tra ― a some­what melo­dra­mat­ic piece. The cats are snooz­ing. After writ­ing the next few sen­tences, and post­ing them, I’ll curl up with the cats and read The Jour­nal of Nicholas Cress­well, 1774–1777. Am I trou­bled or incon­ve­nienced by the lock­down or social dis­tanc­ing? It’s a laugh­able idea. When Olive Fredrickson’s hus­band drowned in a lake, and her three chil­dren were near­ing star­va­tion, she walked forty miles in a bliz­zard to reach the clos­est neigh­bour in order to get food for them, and remarked that the expe­ri­ence left her with lit­tle love for wolves. There were as yet no phones or radios in her part of the world. There was no inter­net.

I have an apart­ment full of tech­nol­o­gy that, in my child­hood, I would have con­sid­ered a fan­tas­tic sci­ence fic­tion dream. The speed of light is 299,792,458 metres per sec­ond. My aver­age down­load speed is 28 Mbps. My friends are not far away in time, though some are pret­ty far in space. And I have very, very good friends.

Image of the Month

FILMSMARCH 2020

(Trelfer 2020) Universal’s Invis­i­ble Man ― Horror’s Anti-Hero
(Maddin 1989) Tales from the Gim­li Hos­pi­tal [ver­sion with director’s com­men­tary]
(Malysh­eff 2008) The Immor­tal Beaver
(Day 2008) Lost Cities of the Ama­zon [Nation­al Geo­graph­ic]
(Pow­ell & Press­burg­er 1947) Black Nar­cis­sus
(Whale 1933) The Invis­i­ble Man
(Car­dos 1980) The Day Time End­ed
(Trelfer 2018) Dark Cor­ners Review: (305) The Day Time End­ed
(Yarbrough 1942) So’s Your Aunt Emma!
(Adler & Sadler 2011) Drain the Great Lakes
(1901) Labor­ers in Vic­to­ri­an Eng­land
(Bur­ton 1985) Pee-wee’s Big Adven­ture
(Neil 1943) Sher­lock Holmes and the Secret Weapon
(Schloss­berg-Cohen 1987) Cry Wilder­ness [Mys­tery Sci­ence The­atre ver­sion]
(Hunt 1977) Star­ship Inva­sions
(Trelfer 2020) Dark Cor­ners Review: (399) Star­ship Inva­sions
(Rub­bo 1985) The Peanut But­ter Solu­tion [Opéra­tion beurre de pinottes]
(Cukor 1949) Adam’s Rib

First-time listening for March 2020

25917. (Pekka Kos­ti­ainen) Requiem
25918. (Buz­zd) Frog from Above
25919. (Wolf­gang Amadeus Mozart) Requiem, K.626 [d. Chalier; Kawamishi, Theo­du­loz,
. . . . . Williams, Imbo­den]
(Sér­gio & Eduar­do Ebreu) The Gui­tars of Sér­gio & Eduar­do Ebreu:
. . . . 25920. (John Dow­land) John Langland’s Pavan [arr. two gui­tars]
. . . . 25921. (Giro­lamo Fres­cobal­di) Fugue [arr. two gui­tars]
Read more »

READINGMARCH 2020

24342. (Steven Muhlberg­er & Will McLean) Mur­der, Rape, & Trea­son ― Judi­cial Com­bats in
. . . . . the Late Mid­dle Ages
24343. (Rebec­ca M. McLen­nan) The Wild Life of Law: Domes­ti­cat­ing Nature in the Bering Sea,
. . . . . c. 1893 [arti­cle]
24344. (Daniel Fish­er) Spun Dry: Mobil­i­ty and Juris­dic­tion in North­ern Aus­tralia [arti­cle]
24345. (Sarah Song) After Oberge­fell: On Mar­riage and Belong­ing in Car­son McCuller’s Mem­ber
. . . . .  of the Wed­ding [arti­cle]
24346. (Peg­gy Brock) The Many Voy­ages of Arthur Welling­ton Clah
Read more »