Category Archives: B – READING

READINGAPRIL 2017

26963. (Chrys­tia Free­land) Plu­to­crats — The Rise of the New Global Super Rich and the Fall
.… . of Every­one Else
26964. (Kil­lian Driscoll) Coastal Com­mu­ni­ties in Ear­lier Pre­his­toric Ire­land: Plough­zone
.… . Sur­vey and the Tawin/Maree Stone Axes, Gal­way Bay [arti­cle]
26965. (Gunilla Gren-Eklund) Poe­sis. On Cre­at­ing Art accord­ing to Aris­to­tle and San­skrit
.… . Poet­ics [arti­cle]
26966. (Pierre Augustin Caron de Beau­mar­chais) La Folle Journée, ou le Mar­riage de Figaro
.… . [play]
26967. (Ben­jamin W. Roberts & Mil­jana Radi­vo­je­vić) Inven­tion as a Process:
.… . Pyrotech­nolo­gies in Early Soci­eties [arti­cle]
(Robert Sil­ver­berg) The Cube Root of Uncer­tainty :
.… 26968. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Intro­duc­tion [pref­ace]
.… 26969. [2] (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Pas­sen­gers [story]
.… 26970. [2] (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Dou­ble Dare [story]
.… 26971. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) The Sixth Palace [story]
.… 26972. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Trans­la­tion Error [story]
.… 26973. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) The Shadow of Wings [story]
.… 26974. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Absolutely Inflex­i­ble [story]
.… 26975. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) The Iron Chan­cel­lor [story]
.… 26976. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Mug­wump Four [story]
.… 26977. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) To the Dark Star [story]
.… 26978. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Neigh­bor [story]
.… 26979. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Halfway House [story]
.… 26980. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Sun­dance [story]
Read more »

READINGMARCH 2017

26938. (Theodore W. Jen­nings, Jr.) Plato or Paul? The Ori­gins of West­ern Homo­pho­bia
26939. [2] (Gertrude Frieden­berg) The Revolv­ing Boy
26940. (Rana Özbal) The Chal­lenge of Iden­ti­fy­ing House­holds at Tell Kurdu [arti­cle]
26941. (Raimund Karl) The Celts From Every­where and Nowhere ― A Re-evalutation of the
. . . . . Orig­ings of the Celts and the Emer­gence of Celtic Cul­tures [arti­cle]
26942. (John Christo­pher) The Long Win­ter
26943. (Bon­nie Pit­blado & Michael J. Shott) The Present and Future of Archaeologist-Collector
. . . . . Col­lab­o­ra­tion [arti­cle]
26944. (Adam Gaudry) Review of Riel’s Defense: Per­spec­tives on His Speeches by Hans V.
. . . . . Hansen (ed.) [review]
26945. (Shizuko Nat­suki) Mur­der at Mt. Fuji
26946. (Ana Cruz, Ana Graça & Luiz Oost­er­beek) Caves, Mega­lithism and Tumuli ― Three
. . . . . Diachronic Real­i­ties in Funer­ary Archaeog­ra­phy from Alto Rib­atejo [arti­cle]
26947. (Livy [Titus Livius]) The His­tory of Rome [books 27–36] [tr. Cyrus Edmonds] [d]
Read more »

READINGFEBRUARY 2017

26919. (Jack Williamson) Intro­duc­tion to E. E. Smith’s Sky­lark Three [pref­ace]
26920. [2] (Edward E. Smith) Sky­lark Three
26921. (John Bintliff) The Ori­gins and Nature of the Greek City-State and its Sig­nif­i­cance for
.… . World Set­tle­ment His­tory [arti­cle]
26922. (Tim Wyn­ton) An Open Swim­mer
26923. (Henry Louis Gates) The His­tory the Slave­hold­ers Wanted Us to For­get [arti­cle]
26924. (Nevine El-Aref) “Mon­u­men­tal” Build­ing Com­plex Dis­cov­ered at Qan­tir in Egypt’s
.… . Nile Delta [arti­cle]
26925. (Nina Mar­tyris) Fred­er­ick Dou­glass On How Slave Own­ers Used Food As a Weapon of
.… . Con­trol [arti­cle]
26926. (Pär Lagerkvist) The Dwarf
26927. [2] (Robert A. Hein­lein) The Witch’s Daugh­ters [poem]
26928. (Robert A. Hein­lein) Dance Ses­sion [poem]
26929. (Eran Elhaik) Solv­ing the Mys­tery of the Druze ― A 2,000-year-old Odyssey [arti­cle]
26930. (Armand Marie Leroi) The Lagoon ― How Aris­to­tle Invented Sci­ence
(Robert A. Hein­lein) Revolt In 2100:
.… 26931. [3] (Henry Kut­tner) The Inno­cent Eye [pref­ace]
.… 26932. [5] (Robert A. Hein­lein) If This Goes On— [story]
.… 26933. [4] (Robert A. Hein­lein) Coven­try [story]
.… 26934. [4] (Robert A. Hein­lein) Mis­fit [story]
.… 26935. [3] (Robert A. Hein­lein) Con­cern­ing Sto­ries Never Writ­ten: Post­script [arti­cle]
26936. (Jeremy Scahill) Black­wa­ter ― The Rise of the World’s Most Pow­er­ful Mer­ce­nary Army
26937. (Z. Alem­seged; R. Robe & D. Ger­aads) Com­pa­ra­bil­ity of Fos­sil Data and Its
.… . Sig­nif­i­cance for the Inter­pre­ta­tion of Hominin Envi­rons: A Case Study in the Lower
.… . Omo Val­ley, Ethiopia

Revolt in 2100

Cover art for Revolt in 2100

Cover art for Revolt in 2100

In a hurry to get out the door, I grabbed a paper­back at ran­dom for sub­way read­ing. It was a bat­tered copy of Robert Heinlein’s Revolt in 2100 which I had last read in 1985. It’s three sto­ries are early Hein­lein, mate­r­ial that had first appeared in the pulp mag­a­zines in the 1930s and 1940s. The sto­ries that he wrote at that time were framed within a puta­tive “future his­tory.” That is to say, that the sto­ries were not directly con­nected, but all existed in the same pro­jected imag­i­nary future, cov­er­ing sev­eral thou­sand years. Much was made of this “future his­tory” at the time, but Hein­lein aban­doned the project to pur­sue other writ­ing paths from the 1950s until his death in 1988. The books that col­lected the “future his­tory” sto­ries each repro­duced a chart plac­ing the sto­ries in time, with notes on tech­no­log­i­cal, social and polit­i­cal events. It was, Hein­lein always main­tained, a work of spec­u­la­tive imag­i­na­tion, not of attempted prophecy. But some of its spec­u­la­tions weren’t too far of the mark. In sto­ries writ­ten in 1940 an 1949, he had the first land­ing on the moon take place in 1978. In sub­se­quent real­ity, it occurred in 1969. But what is espe­cially inter­est­ing is that the “future his­tory” has the United States suc­cumb to a fun­da­men­tal­ist reli­gious dic­ta­tor­ship some­where close to the year 2017. One of the sto­ries is about the rebel­lion against this dic­ta­tor­ship. At the end of the vol­ume, first pub­lished in 1953, Hein­lein pro­vided a postscipt, Con­cern­ing Sto­ries Never Writ­ten, in which he explained that some of the sto­ries listed in the chart, those tak­ing place dur­ing the early part of the dic­ta­tor­ship, he chose not to write because the sub­ject mat­ter was too depress­ing. Con­cern­ing their main premise, he wrote:

As for the sec­ond notion, the idea that we could lose our free­dom by suc­cumb­ing to a wave of reli­gious hys­te­ria, I am sorry to say that I con­sider it pos­si­ble. I hope that it is not prob­a­ble. But there is a latent deep strain of reli­gious fanati­cism in this cul­ture; it is rooted in our his­tory and it has bro­ken out many times in the past. It is with us now; there has been a sharp rise in strongly evan­gel­i­cal sects in this coun­try in recent years, some of which hold beliefs theo­cratic in the extreme, anti-intellectual, anti-scientific, and anti-libertarian [1].

Fur­ther on, he added:

…a com­bi­na­tion of a dynamic evan­ge­list, tele­vi­sion, enough money, and mod­ern tech­niques of adver­tis­ing and pro­pa­ganda might make Billy Sun­day [2]’s efforts look like a cor­ner store com­pared to Sears Roe­buck. Throw in a depres­sion for good mea­sure, promise a mate­r­ial heaven here on earth, add a dash of anti-Semitism, anti-Catholicism, anti-Negroism [3], and a good dose of anti-“furriners” in gen­eral and anti-intellectuals here at home and the result might be some­thing quite fright­en­ing — par­tic­u­larly when one recalls that our vot­ing sys­tem is such that a minor­ity dis­trib­uted as plu­ral­i­ties in enough states can con­sti­tute a work­ing major­ity in Washington.

Hein­lein imag­ined his fic­tional dic­ta­tor, Nehemiah Scud­der, as a back­woods hick bankrolled by big-money tycoons and helped along by the Repub­li­can estab­lish­ment, with murky ties to the Ku Klux Klan. The key to his power is his use of tele­vi­sion. This is remark­able con­sid­er­ing that broad­cast tele­vi­sion in the United States had existed for only three years when Hein­lein wrote this. Few peo­ple thought tele­vi­sion was polit­i­cally sig­nif­i­cant until a decade later. Equally inter­est­ing is his ref­er­ence to the pecu­liar­i­ties of the Amer­i­can elec­toral sys­tem that went largely unno­ticed until they made Nehemiah Scu…— I’m sorry, I meant Don­ald Trump — the Pres­i­dent of the United States of Amer­ica. Reli­gious fanati­cism is not the only com­po­nent of Trump­ism, which is a total­i­tar­ian ide­ol­ogy sim­i­lar to Nazism, Com­mu­nism and Fas­cism. Like all such total­i­tar­ian move­ments, it brings together many dis­parate groups and motives. But reli­gious fun­da­men­tal­ists form a con­sid­er­able block of Trump’s cred­u­lous “core” fol­low­ing — and among them many are “Domin­ion­ists”, i.e. believ­ers and pro­mot­ers of a lit­eral reli­gious dic­ta­tor­ship abol­ish­ing the sep­a­ra­tion of Church and State. There is even a bizarre move­ment that explains Trump’s obvi­ous irre­li­gion, sex­ual per­ver­sion and per­sonal cor­rup­tion as “proof” that he is a vehi­cle of divine inter­ven­tion — a typ­i­cal sort of men­tal gym­nas­tic that one expects from the reli­gious fanatic.

Hein­lein is a writer who has been bizarrely co-opted by some of the most evil and trea­so­nous move­ments in today’s Amer­ica. He is often quoted by peo­ple who are essen­tially dis­ci­ples of Nehemiah Scud­der. A sim­i­lar process has taken place with George Orwell. Orwell, an anti-totalitarian who utterly despised Con­ser­vatism, is reg­u­larly quoted by Con­ser­v­a­tives to sup­port the very things that Orwell opposed. Every­body who thinks and writes seri­ously has to take into account that their work might be exploited and dis­torted in this fashion.

—-

[1] the term “lib­er­tar­ian”, in 1953, did not sig­nify the “Lib­er­tar­ian” polit­i­cal move­ment of today, but instead meant roughly what the term “lib­eral” is now used to signify.

[2] Billy Sun­day (1862–1935) was an evan­ge­list with fun­da­men­tal­ist views whose pop­u­lar­ity peaked some­what before World War I. He pio­neered many of the tech­niques used by later evan­ge­lists in mass ral­lies, which were then mod­i­fied for radio and tele­vi­sion. He attached him­self to the Repub­li­can party, and cam­paigned against immi­gra­tion from Europe, the teach­ing of evo­lu­tion, danc­ing, card-playing, attend­ing the the­atre, read­ing nov­els, and the usual sex­ual “sins”. He was one of the key moti­va­tors in the move­ment toward alco­hol pro­hi­bi­tion that cul­mi­nated in the 18th Amend­ment in 1919.

[3] The use of the terms “Black” and “African-American” were unknown in 1953. Lib­er­als and non-racists at that time referred to African-Americans as “Negro”, as did most African-Americans them­selves.

READINGJANUARY 2017

26901. (Andrew Tay­lor) The World of Ger­ard Mer­ca­tor
26902. (Olivier P. Nieuwen­huyse et al) The 8.2 Event in Upper Mesopotamia [arti­cle]
26903. (Daniele Con­versi) Eth­no­rad­i­cal­ism as a Mir­ror Image of State Cen­tral­i­sa­tion: the
. . . . . Basque Par­a­digm in Franco’s Spain [arti­cle]
26904. (Neha Dhavale et al) Lin­ear and Appo­si­tional Growth in Infants and Chil­dren from the
. . . . . Pre­his­toric Set­tle­ment of Ban Non Wat, North­east Thai­land: Eval­u­at­ing Bio­log­i­cal
. . . . . Responses to Agri­cul­tural Inten­si­fi­ca­tion in South­east Asia [arti­cle]
26905. (Jef­frey M. Hur­wit) The Athen­ian Acrop­o­lis ― His­tory, Mythol­ogy, and Archae­ol­ogy
. . . . . from the Neolithic Era to the Present
26906. (Lydia Pyne) Open Sourc­ing Lucy, the World’s Most Famous Fos­sil [arti­cle]
26907. (Jesse Bulling­ton) The Folly of the World
26908. (Mojúbàolú Olúfúnké Okome) The Trauma of Cap­tiv­ity and Chal­lenge of Free­dom:
. . . . . Niger­ian School­girls Walk­ing the Tightrope from Boko Haram Cap­tiv­ity to Free­dom
. . . . . [draft arti­cle]
26909. (Szy­mon Zdziebłowski) The First Pol­ish Archae­o­log­i­cal Research Project in Burk­ina
. . . . . Faso [arti­cle]
26910. (Jenny Hagen­blad et al) Farmer Fidelity in the Canary Islands Revealed by Ancient
. . . . . DNA from Pre­his­toric Seeds [arti­cle]
26911. (Steve Coll) Pri­vate Empire ― Exxon­Mo­bil and Amer­i­can Power
26912. (Tor­ben Bjarke Ballin) The Brodgar Point and Its Affini­ties ― An Update [arti­cle]
26913. (Johnny Marr) Set the Boy Free
26914. (Mikheil Abra­mashvili) South Cau­ca­sia and the Aegean before the Arg­onauts [arti­cle]
26915. (Silke Reeploeg) Coastal Cul­tures in Scot­land and Nor­way: Nar­ra­tives, Affin­ity, Con­tact
. . . . . [arti­cle]
26916. (Tim Win­ton) Eyrie
26917. (B. Zipfel & L. R. Berger) Shod Ver­sus Unshod: The Emer­gence of Fore­foot Pathol­ogy
. . . . . in Mod­ern Humans? [arti­cle]
26918. (Jen Sook­fong Lee) The Conjoined

READINGDECEMBER 2016

26963. (Bliss Car­man) Far Hori­zons
26964. (Evan­ge­los Kyr­i­akidis) Some Aspects of the Role of Scribes in Pylian Palace
.… . Admin­is­tra­tion [arti­cle]
26965. (Vong Sot­heara) The Role of Khmer Monks dur­ing 16th-19th Cen­turies [arti­cle]
26966. (Tser­ing Shakya) Mak­ing of the Great Game Play­ers ― Tibetan Stu­dents in Britain
.… . Between 1913 and 1917 [arti­cle]
26967. (Her­bert Jenk­ins) The Gyl­ston Slan­der [story]
26968. (Miroslav Bárta) Pre­his­toric Mind in Con­text: An Essay on Pos­si­ble Roots of Ancient
.… . Egypt­ian Civil­i­sa­tion [arti­cle]
26969. (Adam Gaudry) Review of Metis and Med­i­cine Line by Michel Hogue [review]
26970. (Mil­jana Radi­vo­je­vić) Invent­ing Met­al­lurgy in West­ern Eura­sia: A Look Through the
.… . Micro­scope Lens [arti­cle]
26971. (Maria Mag­dolna Tatár) New Data About the Cult of Čing­gis Qan’s Stan­dard [arti­cle]
26972. (Sheri S. Tep­per) Grass Read more »

READINGNOVEMBER 2016

26932. (Bene­dict de Spin­oza) A Theologico-Political Trea­tise [tr. R. H. M. Elwes]
26933. (Bene­dict de Spin­oza) A Polit­i­cal Trea­tise [tr. R. H. M. Elwes]
26934. (Mehmet Özdoğan) In Quest of a Miss­ing Era in East­ern Thrace ― Dilemma of the
.… . 4th Mil­le­nium [arti­cle]
26935. (Erd­mute Alber & Heike Drot­bohm) Intro­duc­tion to Anthro­po­log­i­cal Per­spec­tives on
.… . Care [arti­cle]
26936. (André Nor­ton) The Time Traders
26937. (Cur­tis Run­nels & Mehmet Özdoğan) The Palae­olithic of the Bospho­rus Region, NW
.… . Turkey [arti­cle]
26938. (Sarah Cabalion) Buveurs de lait et ama­teurs de viande ― aperçu des pra­tiques
.… . ali­men­taires actuelles des Touaregs de la Tagaray­garayt, Aza­wagh, Niger [arti­cle]
26939. (Tim Win­ton) Dirt Music
26940. (Gary M. Fein­man & Linda M. Nicholas) The Late Pre­his­panic Econ­omy of the Val­ley
.… . of Oax­aca, Mex­ico: Weav­ing Threads from Data, The­ory, and Sub­se­quent His­tory
.… . [arti­cle]
26941. (Remke Kruk) Harry Pot­ter in the Gulf: Con­tem­po­rary Islam and the Occult [arti­cle] Read more »

READINGOCTOBER 2016

26879. (Edgar Wal­lace) The Green Mamba [story]
26880. (Alexan­der Vovin, Edward Vajda & Éti­enne de la Vais­sière) Who Were the *Kjet and
.… . What Lan­guage Did They Speak? [arti­cle]
26881. (Ruth Ren­dell) From Doon with Death
(Leonid E. Grinin, et al; –ed.) The Early State, Its Alter­na­tives and Ana­logues:
.… 26882. (Dim­itri Bodarenko, et al.) Alter­na­tives of Social Evo­lu­tion [arti­cle]
.… 26883. (Robert L. Carneiro) Was the Chief­dom a Con­ge­la­tion of Ideas? [arti­cle]
.… 26884. (Patrick Cha­bal, Gary Fein­man & Peter Skalnik) Beyond States and Empires: Chief­doms and
.… .… Infor­mal Pol­i­tics [arti­cle]
.… 26885. (Yuri E. Berezkin) Alter­na­tive Mod­els of Mid­dle Range Soci­ety. “Indi­vid­u­al­is­tic” Asia
.… .… vs. “Col­lec­tivis­tic” Amer­ica? [arti­cle]
.… 26886. (Henri J. M. Claessen) Was the State Inevitable? [arti­cle]
.… 26887. (Leonid E. Grinin) The Early State and Its Ana­logues: A Com­par­a­tive Analy­sis
.… .… [arti­cle]
.… 26888. (Dmitri B. Prous­sakov) Early Dynas­tic Egypt: A Socio-Environmental /
.… .… Anthro­po­log­i­cal Hypoth­e­sis of “Uni­fi­ca­tion” [arti­cle]
.… 26889. (Vladimir V. Emelianov) The Ruler as Pos­ses­sor of Power in Sumer [arti­cle]
.… 26890. (Richard Baum) Rit­ual and Ratio­nal­ity: Reli­gious Roots of the Bureau­cratic
.… .… State in Ancient China [arti­cle] Read more »

READINGSEPTEMBER 2016

26850. (Jack Hicks & Gra­ham White) Made in Nunavut ― An Exper­i­ment in Decen­tral­ized
. . . . . Gov­ern­ment
26851. (Kather­ine A. Spiel­mann) Feast­ing, Craft Spe­cial­iza­tion, and the Rit­ual Mode of
. . . . . Pro­duc­tion in Small-Scale Soci­eties [arti­cle]
26852. (Ben­jamin Isakhan) Dis­courses of Democ­racy [arti­cle]
26853. (Rus­sell Shorto) Ams­ter­dam ― A His­tory of the World’s Most Lib­eral City
26854. (Kristina Jennbert) Cer­tain Humans, Cer­tain Ani­mals. Atti­tudes in the Long Term [arti­cle]
26855. (Gian­luca Sgueo) Trans­parency of Lob­by­ing at EU Level [arti­cle]
26856. (Julian Thomas) The Future of Archae­o­log­i­cal The­ory [arti­cle]
26857. (George R. R. Mar­tin) A Clash of Kings [Song of Ice and Fire #2] [d]
26858. (Gian­luca Sgueo) Con­verg­ing Meth­ods of Admin­is­tra­tive Gov­er­nance at the
. . . . . Supra­na­tional Level ― The Role of Civil Soci­ety [arti­cle]
26859. (Michele Fasolo) Cul­ture in the Time of Fyborg [arti­cle]
26860. (Derek Yet­man) The Beothuk Expe­di­tion
26861. (R. Bar­roso Cabr­era, et al) Arque­ología de la Guerra Civil en Toledo. El frente sur del
. . . . . Tajo y el cig­a­r­ral de Menores: un esce­nario de guerra [arti­cle]
26862. (Halvor Dan­nevig & Grete K. Hov­el­srud) Under­stand­ing the Need for Adap­ta­tion in
. . . . . Nat­ural Resource Depen­dent Com­mu­nity in North­ern Nor­way: Issue Salience,
. . . . . Knowl­edge and Val­ues [arti­cle]
26863. (Luis Benítez de Lugo Enrich, et al) Inves­ti­gación de un com­plejo tumu­lar pre­histórico
. . . . . en el borde merid­ional de la Meseta: Castillejo del Bonete. Quince años de
. . . . . inter­ven­ciones arque­ológ­i­cas, 2000–2015 [arti­cle]
26864. (Inge­borg Mar­shall) A His­tory and Ethnog­ra­phy of the Beothuk
26865. (Thomas M. Disch) Echo Round His Bones
26866. (Yvon Csonka) Chang­ing Inuit His­toric­i­ties in West Green­land and Nunavut [arti­cle]
26877. (John Cheever) The Wap­shot Scan­dal
26878. (Arnošt Lustig) Dita Sax [Dita Sax­ová tr. from Czech by G. Theiner]

READINGAUGUST 2016

26812. (Ste­fan Zweig) The Post-Office Girl [Rausch der Ver­wand­lung, tr. Joel Roten­berg]
26813. (Krzysztof Now­icki) The Final Neolithic in Crete: Ter­mi­nol­ogy and Chronol­ogy
. . . . . [arti­cle]
26814. (Ármann Jakob­s­son) The Specter of Old Age: Nasty Old Men in the Sagas of the
. . . . . Ice­landers [arti­cle]
26815. (Ángel Esparza Arroyo, Javier Velasco Vázquez & Ger­mán Delibes de Cas­tro) Nueva
. . . . . luz sobre un viejo hal­lazgo: El enter­ramiento de las Ter­razas del Man­zanares y su
. . . . . supuesta vin­cu­lación al grupo Cogo­tas I [arti­cle]
26816. (Evan­ge­los Kyr­i­akidis) Nudity in Late Minoan I Seal Iconog­ra­phy [arti­cle]
26817. (David Rem­nick) Trump and Putin: A Love Story [arti­cle]
26818. (Keith Fitzpatrick-Matthews & Gil Burleigh) Bal­dock and the End of Roman Britain
. . . . . [arti­cle]
26819. (Arthur Conan Doyle) The American’s Tale, an Ari­zona Tragedy [story]
26820. (David Dayen) The DNC Is One Big Cor­po­rate Bribe [arti­cle]
26821. (Nile Green) Indian Sufism since the Sev­en­teenth Cen­tury ― Saints, Books and
. . . . . Empires in the Mus­lim Dec­can
26822. (John Fortescue-Aland) Pref­ace to The Dif­fer­ence between an Absolute and Lim­ited
. . . . . Monar­chy [1714] Read more »