Category Archives: B – READING


27091. (Jason Patinkin) No Coun­try for Civil­ians [arti­cle]
27092. (Chris Mooney) The Repub­li­can War on Sci­ence
27093. (A. Mame­dov, et al) Ulug Depe, a For­got­ten City in Cen­tral Asia [arti­cle]
27094. (Elise Luneau) The Fall of the Oxus Civ­i­liza­tion and the Role of Exchanges with
. . . . . Neigh­bour­ing Soci­eties dur­ing the First Half of the Sec­ond Mil­len­nium BCE
. . . . . [arti­cle]
27095. (Mbu­la­heni Mulaudzi & Ian Lieben­berg) Plan­ning and Socio-Economic Inter­ven­tions
. . . . . in a Devel­op­men­tal State: The Case of South Africa [arti­cle]
27096. (Mehmet Özdoğan & Asli Özdoğan) Build­ings of Cult and Cult of Build­ings [arti­cle]
27097. (Rob­bie Gramer & Dan de Luce) Where’s Rex? [arti­cle]
27098. (Guđ­mundur Hálf­da­nar­son & Óla­fur Ras­trick) Cul­ture and the Con­sti­tu­tion of the
. . . . . Ice­landic in the 19th and 20th Cen­turies [arti­cle]
27099. (Gary W. Craw­ford & David G. Smith) Pale­oeth­nob­otany in the North­east [arti­cle]
27100. (Fred C. Woud­huizen) The Sea Peo­ples: Supe­rior on Land and At Sea [arti­cle]
27101. (Kate Beaton) Step Aside, Pops [graphic anthol­ogy]
27102. (John D. Pihach) Mudeater ― An Amer­i­can Buf­falo Hunter and the Sur­ren­der of
. . . . . Louis Riel Read more »


27073. [5] Walt Whit­man) By Blue Ontario’s Shore [poem]
27074. (Walt Whit­man) Walt Whitman’s Diary in Canada, with Extracts from Other of His
. . . . . Diaries and Lit­er­ary Note-books [ed. William Sloane Kennedy]
27075. (Steve Muhlberger) [in blog Muhlberger’s Early His­tory] Life in the Incom­pre­hen­si­ble
. . . . . Future ― A Clas­sic Sce­nario [arti­cle]
27076. (Steve Muhlberger) [in blog Muhlberger’s Early His­tory] Richard III: The New
. . . . . Evi­dence
27077. (David Miles) The Tale of the Axe ― How the Neolithic Rev­o­lu­tion Trans­formed
. . . . . Britain
27078. (Bert J. Goe­newoudt) Ken­nisat­las: stand van ken­nis en ken­nisleemten; een snelle
. . . . . inven­tarisatie [report]
Read more »


27046. (Becky Cham­bers) The Long Way to a Small, Angry Planet
27047. (Klaus Haa­paniemi) Mon­sters
27048. (P. Bueno Ramírez & R. de Bal­bín Behrmann) Arte Mega­lítico en el Suroeste de la
. . . . . Penín­sula Ibérica. ¿Gru­pos en el arte Mega­lítico Ibérico? [arti­cle]
27049. (Lee R. Berger, et al) Aus­tralo­p­ithe­cus sed­iba: A New Species of Homo–Like
. . . . . Aus­tralo­p­ith from South Africa [arti­cle]
27050. (Eber­hard Zang­ger) The Luwian Civ­i­liza­tion –– The Miss­ing Link in the Aegean
. . . . . Bronze Age
27051. (War­wick Ball) Towards One World: Ancient Per­sia and the West
27052. (Frec C. Woud­huizen) Old Phry­gian: Some Texts and Rela­tions [arti­cle]
27051. (Peggy Brown) The Lit­tle Golden Book of Jokes and Rid­dles
27052. (Pas­cal Gag­neux, et al.) Gene Flow in Wild Chim­panzee Pop­u­la­tions: What Genetic
. . . . . Data Tell Us about Chim­panzee Move­ment over Space and Time [arti­cle]
27053. (Scott Chaskey) Seed­time –– On the His­tory, Hus­bandry, Pol­i­tics, and Promise of
. . . . . Seeds
27054. (Pierre Sepul­chre, et al) Evo­lu­tion of Lake Chad Basin Hydrol­ogy dur­ing the
. . . . . Mid-Holocene: A Pre­lim­i­nary Approach from Lake to Cli­mate Mod­el­ling [arti­cle]
Read more »


27018. (Willem van Schen­del) A His­tory of Bangladesh
27019. (Torbe Bjarke Ballin) Mak­ing an Island World: Neolithic Shet­land ― Fel­site Pol­ished
. . . . . Axeheads/Adzes from Shet­land Museum [arti­cle]
27020. (David W.J. Gill) Amen­hotep III, Myce­nae and the Lau­rion [arti­cle]
27021. (Erwin Schrödinger) What Is Life?
27022. (Maria V. Stanyukovich) Anthro­ponymic For­mu­las in the Ifu­gao hud­hud and Other
. . . . . Epics of the Philip­pines [arti­cle]
27023. (Jack Beatty) Age of Betrayal ― The Tri­umph of Money in America,1865–1900
27024. (Max Planck Gesellschaft) Sci­en­tists Dis­cover the Old­est Homo sapi­ens Fos­sils at Jebel
. . . . . Irhood, Morocco [arti­cle]
27025. (Erwin Schrödinger) Mind and Mat­ter
27026. (Manuel Dominguez-Rodrigo, et al) Another Win­dow to the Sub­sis­tence of Mid­dle
. . . . . Pleis­tocene Hominins in Europe: A Tapho­nomic Study of Cuesta de la Bajada,
. . . . . Teruel, Spain [arti­cle]
27027. (Andrew Raw­son) A Clash of Thrones ― The Power-Crazed Medieval Kings, Popes
. . . . . and Emper­ors of Europe
27028. (Eric Shanower) Age of Bronze, vol.1: A Thou­sand Ships [graphic novel]
27029. (Christo­pher Franceschelli) Counta Block
27030. (Char­lotte L. King, et al) Con­sid­er­ing the Pale­oepi­demi­o­log­i­cal Impli­ca­tions of
. . . . . Socioe­co­nomic and Envi­ron­men­tal Change in South­east Asia [arti­cle]
Read more »


27001. (Jean-Paul Gagnon & Emily Beau­soleil) Resist and Reviv­ify ― Demo­c­ra­tic The­ory in a
. . . . . Time of Defi­ance [arti­cle]
27002. (Gary O. Rollef­son, et al) Inves­ti­ga­tions of a Late Neolithic Struc­ture at Mesa 7, Wadi
. . . . . al-Qattgafi, Black Desert, 2015 [arti­cle]
27003. (Kil­lian Driscoll) Coastal Com­mu­ni­ties in Ear­lier Pre­his­toric Ire­land: Plough­zone
. . . . . Sur­vey and the Tawin/Maree Stone Axes, Gal­way Bay [arti­cle]
27004. (Tor­ben Bjarke Ballin) A Later Bronze Age Assem­blage from Black­dog, Aberdeen­shire
. . . . . with Resid­ual Pieces from the Late Upper Pale­olithic and Other Peri­ods [arti­cle]
27005. (Zul­fiqar Shah) Colo­nial South Asia [arti­cle]
27006. (Peter Clines) The Fold
27007. (Christo­pher P. Atwood) Marco Polo’s Sino-Mongolian Toponyms, with Spe­cial
. . . . . Atten­tion to the Tran­scrip­tion of the Char­ac­ter zhou 州 [arti­cle]
(Keith Laumer) Grey­lorn:
. . . . 27008. (Keith Laumer) Grey­lorn [story]
. . . . 27009. (Keith Laumer) The Night of the Trolls [story]
. . . . 27010. (Keith Laumer) The Other Sky [story]
. . . . 27011. (Keith Laumer) The King of the City [story]
27012. (Aðal­heiður Guð­munds­dót­tir) “How Do You Know if it is Love or Lust?” On Gen­der,
. . . . . Sta­tus, and Vio­lence in Old Norse Lit­er­a­ture [arti­cle]
27013. (Dan Sim­mons) Drood
27014. (Matt Mogk) Every­thing You Ever Wanted to Know About Zom­bies
27015. (Pat Mur­phy) Inap­pro­pri­ate Behav­ior [story]
27016. (Craig A. Lockard) South­east Asia in World His­tory
27017. (Wal­ter Moore) Schrödinger ― Life and Thought


26963. (Chrys­tia Free­land) Plu­to­crats — The Rise of the New Global Super Rich and the Fall
.… . of Every­one Else
26964. (David M. Ander­son & Neil C.M. Car­rier) Khat: Social Harms and Leg­is­la­tion [arti­cle]
26965. (Gunilla Gren-Eklund) Poe­sis. On Cre­at­ing Art accord­ing to Aris­to­tle and San­skrit
.… . Poet­ics [arti­cle]
26966. (Pierre Augustin Caron de Beau­mar­chais) La Folle Journée, ou le Mar­riage de Figaro
.… . [play]
26967. (Ben­jamin W. Roberts & Mil­jana Radi­vo­je­vić) Inven­tion as a Process:
.… . Pyrotech­nolo­gies in Early Soci­eties [arti­cle]
(Robert Sil­ver­berg) The Cube Root of Uncer­tainty :
.… 26968. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Intro­duc­tion [pref­ace]
.… 26969. [2] (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Pas­sen­gers [story]
.… 26970. [2] (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Dou­ble Dare [story]
.… 26971. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) The Sixth Palace [story]
.… 26972. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Trans­la­tion Error [story]
.… 26973. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) The Shadow of Wings [story]
.… 26974. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Absolutely Inflex­i­ble [story]
.… 26975. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) The Iron Chan­cel­lor [story]
.… 26976. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Mug­wump Four [story]
.… 26977. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) To the Dark Star [story]
.… 26978. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Neigh­bor [story]
.… 26979. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Halfway House [story]
.… 26980. (Robert Sil­ver­berg) Sun­dance [story]
Read more »


26938. (Theodore W. Jen­nings, Jr.) Plato or Paul? The Ori­gins of West­ern Homo­pho­bia
26939. [2] (Gertrude Frieden­berg) The Revolv­ing Boy
26940. (Rana Özbal) The Chal­lenge of Iden­ti­fy­ing House­holds at Tell Kurdu [arti­cle]
26941. (Raimund Karl) The Celts From Every­where and Nowhere ― A Re-evalutation of the
. . . . . Orig­ings of the Celts and the Emer­gence of Celtic Cul­tures [arti­cle]
26942. (John Christo­pher) The Long Win­ter
26943. (Bon­nie Pit­blado & Michael J. Shott) The Present and Future of Archaeologist-Collector
. . . . . Col­lab­o­ra­tion [arti­cle]
26944. (Adam Gaudry) Review of Riel’s Defense: Per­spec­tives on His Speeches by Hans V.
. . . . . Hansen (ed.) [review]
26945. (Shizuko Nat­suki) Mur­der at Mt. Fuji
26946. (Ana Cruz, Ana Graça & Luiz Oost­er­beek) Caves, Mega­lithism and Tumuli ― Three
. . . . . Diachronic Real­i­ties in Funer­ary Archaeog­ra­phy from Alto Rib­atejo [arti­cle]
26947. (Livy [Titus Livius]) The His­tory of Rome [books 27–36] [tr. Cyrus Edmonds] [d]
Read more »


26919. (Jack Williamson) Intro­duc­tion to E. E. Smith’s Sky­lark Three [pref­ace]
26920. [2] (Edward E. Smith) Sky­lark Three
26921. (John Bintliff) The Ori­gins and Nature of the Greek City-State and its Sig­nif­i­cance for
.… . World Set­tle­ment His­tory [arti­cle]
26922. (Tim Wyn­ton) An Open Swim­mer
26923. (Henry Louis Gates) The His­tory the Slave­hold­ers Wanted Us to For­get [arti­cle]
26924. (Nevine El-Aref) “Mon­u­men­tal” Build­ing Com­plex Dis­cov­ered at Qan­tir in Egypt’s
.… . Nile Delta [arti­cle]
26925. (Nina Mar­tyris) Fred­er­ick Dou­glass On How Slave Own­ers Used Food As a Weapon of
.… . Con­trol [arti­cle]
26926. (Pär Lagerkvist) The Dwarf
26927. [2] (Robert A. Hein­lein) The Witch’s Daugh­ters [poem]
26928. (Robert A. Hein­lein) Dance Ses­sion [poem]
26929. (Eran Elhaik) Solv­ing the Mys­tery of the Druze ― A 2,000-year-old Odyssey [arti­cle]
26930. (Armand Marie Leroi) The Lagoon ― How Aris­to­tle Invented Sci­ence
(Robert A. Hein­lein) Revolt In 2100:
.… 26931. [3] (Henry Kut­tner) The Inno­cent Eye [pref­ace]
.… 26932. [5] (Robert A. Hein­lein) If This Goes On— [story]
.… 26933. [4] (Robert A. Hein­lein) Coven­try [story]
.… 26934. [4] (Robert A. Hein­lein) Mis­fit [story]
.… 26935. [3] (Robert A. Hein­lein) Con­cern­ing Sto­ries Never Writ­ten: Post­script [arti­cle]
26936. (Jeremy Scahill) Black­wa­ter ― The Rise of the World’s Most Pow­er­ful Mer­ce­nary Army
26937. (Z. Alem­seged; R. Robe & D. Ger­aads) Com­pa­ra­bil­ity of Fos­sil Data and Its
.… . Sig­nif­i­cance for the Inter­pre­ta­tion of Hominin Envi­rons: A Case Study in the Lower
.… . Omo Val­ley, Ethiopia

Revolt in 2100

Cover art for Revolt in 2100

Cover art for Revolt in 2100

In a hurry to get out the door, I grabbed a paper­back at ran­dom for sub­way read­ing. It was a bat­tered copy of Robert Heinlein’s Revolt in 2100 which I had last read in 1985. It’s three sto­ries are early Hein­lein, mate­r­ial that had first appeared in the pulp mag­a­zines in the 1930s and 1940s. The sto­ries that he wrote at that time were framed within a puta­tive “future his­tory.” That is to say, that the sto­ries were not directly con­nected, but all existed in the same pro­jected imag­i­nary future, cov­er­ing sev­eral thou­sand years. Much was made of this “future his­tory” at the time, but Hein­lein aban­doned the project to pur­sue other writ­ing paths from the 1950s until his death in 1988. The books that col­lected the “future his­tory” sto­ries each repro­duced a chart plac­ing the sto­ries in time, with notes on tech­no­log­i­cal, social and polit­i­cal events. It was, Hein­lein always main­tained, a work of spec­u­la­tive imag­i­na­tion, not of attempted prophecy. But some of its spec­u­la­tions weren’t too far of the mark. In sto­ries writ­ten in 1940 an 1949, he had the first land­ing on the moon take place in 1978. In sub­se­quent real­ity, it occurred in 1969. But what is espe­cially inter­est­ing is that the “future his­tory” has the United States suc­cumb to a fun­da­men­tal­ist reli­gious dic­ta­tor­ship some­where close to the year 2017. One of the sto­ries is about the rebel­lion against this dic­ta­tor­ship. At the end of the vol­ume, first pub­lished in 1953, Hein­lein pro­vided a postscipt, Con­cern­ing Sto­ries Never Writ­ten, in which he explained that some of the sto­ries listed in the chart, those tak­ing place dur­ing the early part of the dic­ta­tor­ship, he chose not to write because the sub­ject mat­ter was too depress­ing. Con­cern­ing their main premise, he wrote:

As for the sec­ond notion, the idea that we could lose our free­dom by suc­cumb­ing to a wave of reli­gious hys­te­ria, I am sorry to say that I con­sider it pos­si­ble. I hope that it is not prob­a­ble. But there is a latent deep strain of reli­gious fanati­cism in this cul­ture; it is rooted in our his­tory and it has bro­ken out many times in the past. It is with us now; there has been a sharp rise in strongly evan­gel­i­cal sects in this coun­try in recent years, some of which hold beliefs theo­cratic in the extreme, anti-intellectual, anti-scientific, and anti-libertarian [1].

Fur­ther on, he added:

…a com­bi­na­tion of a dynamic evan­ge­list, tele­vi­sion, enough money, and mod­ern tech­niques of adver­tis­ing and pro­pa­ganda might make Billy Sun­day [2]’s efforts look like a cor­ner store com­pared to Sears Roe­buck. Throw in a depres­sion for good mea­sure, promise a mate­r­ial heaven here on earth, add a dash of anti-Semitism, anti-Catholicism, anti-Negroism [3], and a good dose of anti-“furriners” in gen­eral and anti-intellectuals here at home and the result might be some­thing quite fright­en­ing — par­tic­u­larly when one recalls that our vot­ing sys­tem is such that a minor­ity dis­trib­uted as plu­ral­i­ties in enough states can con­sti­tute a work­ing major­ity in Washington.

Hein­lein imag­ined his fic­tional dic­ta­tor, Nehemiah Scud­der, as a back­woods hick bankrolled by big-money tycoons and helped along by the Repub­li­can estab­lish­ment, with murky ties to the Ku Klux Klan. The key to his power is his use of tele­vi­sion. This is remark­able con­sid­er­ing that broad­cast tele­vi­sion in the United States had existed for only three years when Hein­lein wrote this. Few peo­ple thought tele­vi­sion was polit­i­cally sig­nif­i­cant until a decade later. Equally inter­est­ing is his ref­er­ence to the pecu­liar­i­ties of the Amer­i­can elec­toral sys­tem that went largely unno­ticed until they made Nehemiah Scu…— I’m sorry, I meant Don­ald Trump — the Pres­i­dent of the United States of Amer­ica. Reli­gious fanati­cism is not the only com­po­nent of Trump­ism, which is a total­i­tar­ian ide­ol­ogy sim­i­lar to Nazism, Com­mu­nism and Fas­cism. Like all such total­i­tar­ian move­ments, it brings together many dis­parate groups and motives. But reli­gious fun­da­men­tal­ists form a con­sid­er­able block of Trump’s cred­u­lous “core” fol­low­ing — and among them many are “Domin­ion­ists”, i.e. believ­ers and pro­mot­ers of a lit­eral reli­gious dic­ta­tor­ship abol­ish­ing the sep­a­ra­tion of Church and State. There is even a bizarre move­ment that explains Trump’s obvi­ous irre­li­gion, sex­ual per­ver­sion and per­sonal cor­rup­tion as “proof” that he is a vehi­cle of divine inter­ven­tion — a typ­i­cal sort of men­tal gym­nas­tic that one expects from the reli­gious fanatic.

Hein­lein is a writer who has been bizarrely co-opted by some of the most evil and trea­so­nous move­ments in today’s Amer­ica. He is often quoted by peo­ple who are essen­tially dis­ci­ples of Nehemiah Scud­der. A sim­i­lar process has taken place with George Orwell. Orwell, an anti-totalitarian who utterly despised Con­ser­vatism, is reg­u­larly quoted by Con­ser­v­a­tives to sup­port the very things that Orwell opposed. Every­body who thinks and writes seri­ously has to take into account that their work might be exploited and dis­torted in this fashion.


[1] the term “lib­er­tar­ian”, in 1953, did not sig­nify the “Lib­er­tar­ian” polit­i­cal move­ment of today, but instead meant roughly what the term “lib­eral” is now used to signify.

[2] Billy Sun­day (1862–1935) was an evan­ge­list with fun­da­men­tal­ist views whose pop­u­lar­ity peaked some­what before World War I. He pio­neered many of the tech­niques used by later evan­ge­lists in mass ral­lies, which were then mod­i­fied for radio and tele­vi­sion. He attached him­self to the Repub­li­can party, and cam­paigned against immi­gra­tion from Europe, the teach­ing of evo­lu­tion, danc­ing, card-playing, attend­ing the the­atre, read­ing nov­els, and the usual sex­ual “sins”. He was one of the key moti­va­tors in the move­ment toward alco­hol pro­hi­bi­tion that cul­mi­nated in the 18th Amend­ment in 1919.

[3] The use of the terms “Black” and “African-American” were unknown in 1953. Lib­er­als and non-racists at that time referred to African-Americans as “Negro”, as did most African-Americans them­selves.


26901. (Andrew Tay­lor) The World of Ger­ard Mer­ca­tor
26902. (Olivier P. Nieuwen­huyse et al) The 8.2 Event in Upper Mesopotamia [arti­cle]
26903. (Daniele Con­versi) Eth­no­rad­i­cal­ism as a Mir­ror Image of State Cen­tral­i­sa­tion: the
. . . . . Basque Par­a­digm in Franco’s Spain [arti­cle]
26904. (Neha Dhavale et al) Lin­ear and Appo­si­tional Growth in Infants and Chil­dren from the
. . . . . Pre­his­toric Set­tle­ment of Ban Non Wat, North­east Thai­land: Eval­u­at­ing Bio­log­i­cal
. . . . . Responses to Agri­cul­tural Inten­si­fi­ca­tion in South­east Asia [arti­cle]
26905. (Jef­frey M. Hur­wit) The Athen­ian Acrop­o­lis ― His­tory, Mythol­ogy, and Archae­ol­ogy
. . . . . from the Neolithic Era to the Present
26906. (Lydia Pyne) Open Sourc­ing Lucy, the World’s Most Famous Fos­sil [arti­cle]
26907. (Jesse Bulling­ton) The Folly of the World
26908. (Mojúbàolú Olúfúnké Okome) The Trauma of Cap­tiv­ity and Chal­lenge of Free­dom:
. . . . . Niger­ian School­girls Walk­ing the Tightrope from Boko Haram Cap­tiv­ity to Free­dom
. . . . . [draft arti­cle]
26909. (Szy­mon Zdziebłowski) The First Pol­ish Archae­o­log­i­cal Research Project in Burk­ina
. . . . . Faso [arti­cle]
26910. (Jenny Hagen­blad et al) Farmer Fidelity in the Canary Islands Revealed by Ancient
. . . . . DNA from Pre­his­toric Seeds [arti­cle]
26911. (Steve Coll) Pri­vate Empire ― Exxon­Mo­bil and Amer­i­can Power
26912. (Tor­ben Bjarke Ballin) The Brodgar Point and Its Affini­ties ― An Update [arti­cle]
26913. (Johnny Marr) Set the Boy Free
26914. (Mikheil Abra­mashvili) South Cau­ca­sia and the Aegean before the Arg­onauts [arti­cle]
26915. (Silke Reeploeg) Coastal Cul­tures in Scot­land and Nor­way: Nar­ra­tives, Affin­ity, Con­tact
. . . . . [arti­cle]
26916. (Tim Win­ton) Eyrie
26917. (B. Zipfel & L. R. Berger) Shod Ver­sus Unshod: The Emer­gence of Fore­foot Pathol­ogy
. . . . . in Mod­ern Humans? [arti­cle]
26918. (Jen Sook­fong Lee) The Conjoined